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15 pin D-SUB female connector layout
15 pin D-SUB female connector
at the computer
15 pin D-SUB male connector layout
15 pin D-SUB male connector
at the joystick cable
The game port is the traditional connection for video game input devices on an x86-based PCs. The game port is usually integrated with a PC I/O or sound card, either ISA or PCI, or as an on-board feature of some motherboards.

Game ports use DB-15 connectors, and usually double as connectors for MIDI instruments. To use a game port with MIDI instruments, one had to obtain an unusual cable with both DB-15 and 5-pin DIN connectors (similar to old-style pre-PS/2 keyboard connectors known as Baby AT or AT5 connectors).

Pin Name Dir Description
1 +5V --> +5 VDC
2 /B1 <-- Button 1
3 X1 <-- Joystick 1 - X
4 GND --- Ground
5 GND --- Ground
6 Y1 <-- Joystick 1 - Y
7 /B2 <-- Button 2
8 +5V --> +5 VDC
9 +5V --> +5 VDC
10 /B4 <-- Button 4
11 X2 <-- Joystick 2 - X
12 MIDITXD --> MIDI Transmit
13 Y2 <-- Joystick 2 - Y
14 /B3 <-- Button 3
15 MIDIRXD <-- MIDI Receive

About MIDI Signals


 

How this document describe signals

MIDI Signals are like ASM instructions :
First a byte gives the instruction, if there is parameters, they follow the instruction byte using data bytes.

For exemple, "Note off event (Key, Velocity)" for channel 0 will be send as "Note off event" byte, then Key data byte, then Velocity data byte: "1000 0000 - 0kkk kkkk - 0vvv vvvv"
where kkkkkkk is the Key value and vvvvvvv is the Velocity value.
Data are always 7 bits, to allow the 0 beginning the data byte, when a parameter need more than 7 bits, it uses 2 data bytes, again like in ASM: LSB followed by MSB.

 

Bytes table

 

Type Command Byte
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Data Data 0 Data
Channel Note off event 1000 Channel
Note on event 1001 Channel
Polyphonic key pressure 1010 Channel
Control change 1011 Channel
Program change 1100 Channel
Channel pressure 1101 Channel
Pitch wheel change 1110 Channel
System Exclusive System Exclusive Header 1111 0000
System Common (Undefined) 1111 0001
Measure Information 1111 0010
Song Select 1111 0011
(Undefined) 1111 0100
(Undefined) 1111 0101
Tune Request 1111 0110
System Exclusive System Exclusive End of block 1111 0111
System Real Time Timing Clock In Play 1111 1000
Measure End 1111 1001
Start From 1st Measure 1111 1010
Continue Start 1111 1011
Timing Clock In End 1111 1100
? 1111 1101
Active Sensing 1111 1110
System Reset System Reset 1111 1111


 

 

Channel Signals

The 4 highest bits of a channel status byte is the instruction, the 4 lowest ones is the channel number.

Note off event (key, velocity)
Note on event (key, velocity)
Polyphonic key pressure (key, after-touch)
Control change (command address, command value)
Program change (program number)
Channel pressure (after-touch)
Pitch wheel change (value lsb, value msb)
 

System Exclusive

These two instructions are used to send special instructions to a MIDI device, the instruction is made of a 2 bytes header, followed by data block(s) (as many as needed) and then finish by an end of block byte.

System Exclusive Header + Data (Identification code) + Data block(s) + System Exclusive End of block

 

System Real Time

Instructions for synchronisation and rythm boxes control, send for all channels.

Timing Clock In Play
This clock is send while the system is in "play" mode.
There are 24 clock impulsions for 1 black note.

Measure End
Replace the Timing Clock In Play signal at the end of every measure.

Start From 1st Measure
This signal is send when the master "play" key is pressed.
The first Timing Clock In Play must be send in the next 5ms following this signal.

Continue Start
This signal is send directly when the master "continue" key is pressed.
The next Timing Clock In Play must be send in the next 5ms following this signal.

Timing Clock In End
This signal is send when the master is in wait-mode and is used to lock a PLL during a pause.

Active Sensing
no information available.
 

System Common

Measure Information (measure number lsb, measure number msb)
Song Select (song number)
Tune Request
 

System Reset

System Reset
Restart the whole system.
 

Parameters

Channel
Channel number from 0 to 15.

Key
Key number from 0 to 127, the central A is always number 60.

Velocity
Velocity from 0 to 127 (0=Note off).
If the keyboard doesn"t have velocity, 64 is send as default.

After touch
After-touch from 0 to 127.

Command address
Address from 0 to 127.
Except for the "Pitch bender", which is 0, there is no specification for these.

Command value
For controllers, from 0 to 127.
For switches, 0=off, 127=on (other ore ignored).

Program number
Program number from 0 to 127.

Identification code
Society code from 0 to 127.
 

01 000 0001 Sequential Systems
40 100 0000 Kawai
41 100 0001 Roland
42 100 0010 Korg
43 100 0011 Yamaha


Measure number
Measure number in 14 bits.
The value is divided into 7 msb bits and 7 lsb bits to be able to send them as data blocks.
 

Is this document correct or incorrect?.
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