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This is most common cable for 10/100Base-T ethernet networks. This cable will work with both 10Base-T (10 Mbit ethernet) and 100Base-TX (100 Mbit ethernet) and is used to connect a network interface card to a hub or network outlet. These cables are sometimes called wipes.

Normally, there are 2 types of wiring. Both are correct.:

 

TIA/EIA 568B wiring table:

Name Pin Cable Color Pin Name
TX+ 1 White/Orange 1 TX+
TX- 2 Orange 2 TX-
RX+ 3 White/Green 3 RX+
  4 Blue 4  
  5 White/Blue 5  
RX- 6 Green 6 RX-
  7 White/Brown 7  
  8 Brown 8  

Here is an instruction how to wire your own ethernet cable.

The + side of each pair is called the tip and the - side is called the ring, a reference to old manual telephone switchboard plugs.

Category 5 cable usually used in this cable, commonly known as Cat 5, is an unshielded twisted pair cable type designed for high signal integrity. With the 2001 introduction of the TIA/EIA-568-B standard, the category 5 cabling specification was obsoleted and superseded by the category 5e specification.

The original specification for category 5 cable was defined in ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-A, with clarification in TSB-95. These documents specified performance characteristics and test requirements for frequencies of up to 100 MHz. Category 5 cable included four twisted pairs in a single cable jacket. It was most commonly used for 100Mbit/s networks, such as 100BASE-TX Ethernet, although IEEE 802.3ab defined standards for 1000BASE-T - gigabit Ethernet over category 5 cable. Cat 5 cable typically had three twists per inch of each twisted pair of 24 gauge copper wires within the cable. The twisting of the cable reduces electrical interference and crosstalk. Another important characteristic is that the wires are insulated with a plastic (FEP). Special attention also has to be paid to minimizing impedance mismatches at connection points.

Cat 5e cable is an enhanced version of Cat 5 that adds specifications for far-end crosstalk, usually used for gigabit ethernet. Cat 5e cable does not enable longer cable distances for Ethernet networks: horizontal cables are still limited to a maximum of 90 m in length. Cat 5e cable performance characteristics and test methods are defined in TIA/EIA-568-B.2-2001.

8 pin RJ45 (8P8C) male схематический вид разъема
Разъем 8 pin RJ45 (8P8C) male
at the network interface card
Источник(и) этой и дополнительной информации: Hardware Book and others
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